D. Monitoring of the impact of the project actions

D. Monitoring of the impact of the project actions

Expected results: 

A report of the current state of the man/predators conflict in Kresna SPA and Kresna – Ilindentsi pSCI and the poison baits use will be elaborated. Recommendations for future work will be given and the current project impact assessed.

A report for the situation and the trends of the populations of the project target species will be elaborated. Recommendations for future actions for improvement that situation and to decrease any threats will be given. Assessment of the the actions in the current project and their effect over the target species populations will be given.  

A report for the conflict between wildlife and power lines and the wind-turbines in Kresna SPA and Kresna – Ilindentsi pSCI will be elaborated giving useful recommendations for future modification and insulation of the facilities.

Achieved results so far: 

Registration of livestock depredation cases. Each reported case is analyzed. Monitoring is done through the Compensation Program. In the frame of the recent project FWFF had received over 60 signals for depredation. Each case is put on a protocol and the details are well-described supported by lots of photos C4.


The project keeps an actual data base of legally hunting cases over wolves in the region.  

The article with a title HOW TO AVOID DEPREDATION ON LIVESTOCK BY WOLF – THEORIES AND TESTS Emilian STOYNOV¹, Atanas GROZDANOV², Stamen STANCHEV¹, Hristo PESHEV¹, Nadia VANGELOVA¹, Danielo PESHEV² is being in press by the Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science. Very soon it will be published on FWFF web page. 

The article is a work based on 9 years  data and over 300 protocols. 

About 750 hours of volunteers’ labour ( 4 people) have been spent for two years in the trips of investigation of depredation cases. 

The monitoring of the conflict with predators and the depredation aims to locate the most problem areas and to give farmers adequate decisions about how to breed the livestock in order to reduce the victims.


FWFF maintains a detail data base of observations, locations, nesting of the following target species: Griffon vulture, Black vulture, Egyptian vulture, Lanner falcon, Peregrine Falco, Eleonora falcon, Golden eagle, tortoise d'Hermann, Greek tortoise, Black kite, Imperial eagle, Fallow deer, White-tailed eagle, Ravens, Jackdaws, Starlings, Stock dove in the target area . 

Here are the official reports of Reintroduction of Griffon Vultures in Kresna Gorge for 2012 and 2013. The reports are being published in FWFF web site and have been sent to over 150 receivers. 

In 2013 few scientists from Bulgarian Science Academy and Biology Faculty in Sofia University were contracted by FWFF to carry out of analysis and data collection of the biodiversity (flora and fauna) in the cross-border Maleshevska Mountain in Bulgaria. Mapping actions were being carried out in NATURA 2000 sites (BG0000224 “Ograjden- Maleshevo ” and the connected zones BG0001023 “Rupite- Strumeshnica”, BG 0002098 “Rupite” и BG0002003 „Kresna”), as well as for species listed in Applications 3 and 4 from The Biodiversity Law. snimki

The initiative is a part of the project ’’Promoting and preserving the biodiversity of Maleshevska Mountain’’ MALESH 2007 CB16IPO007- 2011-2-04 financed by IPA Cross-Border Programme, where FWFF is acting as a subcontractor to Business Information and 

The report was presented at the discussion forum called “The Maleshevska Mountain- past, presence and future” as a part of the project “PROMOTING AND PRESERVING THE BIODIVERSITY OF MALASHEVSKA MOUNTAIN” on December 13-14, 2013 in Republic of Macedonia. 

 “Analysis and data collection (flora and fauna) of the cross-border Maleshevska Mountain”

All the obtained data of BG0002003 „Kresna” in the report very much contributes to D2 action of “LIFE for Kresna Gorge” Monitoring of project's target species populations.

 Electric powerlines in Kresna Gorge were mapped and every pole individually marked and photographed. A document containing all the data for each powerline and individual pole is drafted and will be completed. 

The Dutch student Denis Maas has spent his 30 days internship working on dangerous electric powerlines in the target area, mapping them and creating of data base. 

Since the installment of 48 perch discouragers on eight powerline poles C5 a weekly monitoring checks the impact. 

In 2012 a wind energy farm was planned by an investor to be built just next to the feeding site and the aviary of Griffon Vultures in the village of Rakitna. The negative impact of wind turbines on birds ‘populations has threatened the reintroduction of vultures and the objective of the project overall. FWFF did the best to explain the local community and the authorities the contradiction of the both projects on a same area. Fortunately the population of Rakitna village has supported “LIFE for Kresna Gorge” and has demonstrated their civil position to the local government. The project was stopped, although the main reason wasn’t the community statement against it, but the growing problems of green-energy policy in Bulgaria and the reduction of subsidies. 

As FWFF don’t aim to confront the green-energy investors in Bulgaria, we have started the promotion of the very new prototype of vertical axis wind turbine, had been created by a Hungarian company. That kind is a bird-friendly wind turbine, very suitable for NATURA 2000 sites and areas of rich biodiversity. The alternative was presented and discussed with the major of Simitli Municipality as demonstration of FWFF willing not to block eco- initiatives and business initiatives in the region. FWFF has contacted the Hungarian company and as soon as the prototype would be presented on the market, FWFF will stress its efforts on promoting and advertise it.