C6. Establishing of captive breeding facility for vultures in Kresna Gorge

C6. Establishing of captive breeding facility for vultures in Kresna Gorge 

Expected results: Created a breeding facility for 5 pairs of Egyptian Vultures and 5 pairs of Black Vultures to serve as captive breeding stock for release of their young in Kresna SPA.

Five pairs of Egyptian Vultures and five pairs of Eurasian Black Vultures are bonded and set in suitable conditions for reproduction in captivity.

First chick of Egyptian Vulture and first chick of Black Vulture are successfully raised and if circumstances are suitable first releases of these species take place by hacking.

Achieved results so far: 

A captive breeding center of 9 aviaries and a room for the fridge were established the 2.4 ha fenced area for the tortoises and Fallow deers. Wildlife Center Rakitna already operates in a complex of vultures’ aviaries, tortoises’ center and free range deers.

Unfortunately the negative conservation status of Egyptian Vulture on world scale and in Bulgaria respectively makes almost impossible the obtaining of birds for captive breeding. It is a similar reason for difficult finding of Black Vultures for the Wildlife Center Rakitna. The reintroduction projects of Black Vulture in France and Spain still need birds to release, meanwhile the competition for non-releasable birds for breeding in European Zoos is quite big. 

 Green Balkans and FWFF took part in a common meeting of European projects working on Black Vultures in Europe.

The meeting was organized by GREFA (Spain) and the Vulture Conservation Foundation (VCF), in the premises of GREFA near Madrid, on February 27th 2014. It was attended by representatives of LPO and Association Vautours en Baronnies (France), as well as the local authorities – Junta de Extremadura, Junta de Andalucia and MAGRAMA. As Spain is the only source of Black Vultures for reintroduction projects and breeding in captivity, the participants have closed the meeting with a joint declaration of a set time schedule for birds’ distribution among the countries and projects. It says that Black Vultures will be send to Bulgarian projects not before 2017. 


Another accident in the aviary has discouraged FWFF team to breed Egyptian and Black Vultures. The only single birds of BV and EV available in the FWFF aviaries have been poisoned by accident while being fed with a poisoned goat.  

Those obstacles led to impossible breeding of Black and Egyptian Vultures for the next few years in the Wildlife Center Rakitna. FWFF team has received an unwritten agreement to continue with captive breeding of Griffon Vultures in the aviary.  

There are four Griffon Vultures in the Wildlife Center Rakitna. There are five more waiting for very soon transportation from Rabat Zoo in Morocco. photos